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Year : 2023, Volume : 14, Issue : 1to3
First page : ( 31) Last page : ( 38)
Print ISSN : 0975-8070. Online ISSN : 0975-8089. Published online : 2023  21.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0975-8089.2023.00004.1

Energy-Efficient Prevention of Black Hole Attacks in Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks: A Review

Mishra Saurabh1,*, Ranjan Rakesh2, Singh Sonika3, Singh Gagan4

1Research Scholar, School of Engineering and Technology, Sushant University, Golf Course Road, Huda, Sushant Lok 2, Sector 55, Gurugram-122003, Haryana, India

2Professor, Sushant University, Golf Course Road, Huda, Sushant Lok 2, Sector 55, Gurugram-122003, Haryana, India

3Associate Professor, Department of EECE, DIT University, Mussoorie, Diversion Road, Makka Wala, Dehradun-248009, Uttarakhand, India

4Professor, Department of EECE, DIT University, Mussoorie, Diversion Road, Makka Wala, Dehradun-248009, Uttarakhand, India

*Corresponding author email id: saurabhmishra2004@gmail.com

Online Published on 21 May, 2024.

Received:  16  January,  2023; Accepted:  23  November,  2023.

Abstract

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) play a pivotal role in various applications, ranging from environmental monitoring to healthcare and industrial automation. However, their vulnerability to security threats, such as Black Hole Attacks, presents a significant challenge in ensuring the reliability and integrity of data transmission. Black Hole Attacks involve malicious nodes that falsely claim to have data but drop packets, leading to data loss and network disruption. As energy efficiency is a critical concern in WSNs, mitigating these attacks while conserving sensor node energy resources remains a pressing research area. Heterogeneous WSNs are characterized by the coexistence of sensor nodes with varying capabilities and energy levels, making them more challenging to secure against attacks. This review paper comprehensively explores the various strategies for the energy-efficient prevention of Black Hole Attacks in heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks. The paper provides a detailed introduction to Black Hole Attacks, discussing their potential consequences on network performance, and highlighting the unique challenges posed by heterogeneous WSNs. Special attention is given to techniques that balance security with energy efficiency, as maintaining a prolonged network lifetime is crucial in resource-constrained environments. This paper offers insights into energy-efficient routing protocols by investigating through routing algorithms like Node placement, Cluster formation, and black hole attack discovery and avoidance algorithm that optimize energy consumption while minimizing vulnerability to Black Hole Attacks.

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Keywords

Wireless sensor networks, Heterogeneous networks, Black hole attack, Clustering, Cluster head.

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