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Year : 2023, Volume : 25, Issue : 2
First page : ( 150) Last page : ( 151)
Print ISSN : 0972-0561. Online ISSN : 0973-9149. Published online : 2023  02.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0973-9149.2023.00021.7

Brucellosis a Neglected Disease

Duarte Phelipe Magalhães1, Suárez-Esquivel Marcela2, Ardestani Mohammadreza Manouchehri3, Gharieb Rasha4, Hajipour Pouneh5, Asgharpour Parisa6, Tazerji Sina Salajegheh6,7,*

1Postgraduate Program in Animal Bioscience, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco (UFRPE), Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

2Programa de Investigación en Enfermedades Tropicales, Escuela de Medicina Veterinaria, Universidad Nacional, Costa Rica

3Emergency and critical care section, Arshid veterinary center, Tehran, Iran

4Department of Zoonoses, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University, 44511, Zagazig, Egypt

5Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran

6Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

7Young Researchers and Elites ClubScience and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

*Corresponding author email id: sina.salajegheh@gmail.com, sina.salajegheh@srbiau.ac.ir

Online Published on 02 March, 2024.

Received:  28  August,  2023; :  02  November,  2023; Accepted:  03  November,  2023.

 

Dear editor,

Despite being one of the oldest diseases detected in humans and animals, brucellosis is still a neglected and underestimated disease. It is endemic in some low-income countries and several developed countries have established strict measures for its detection and control. However, the current instances reveal that reducing control measures is enough to enable the spread of this bacterium. Some of these gaps in control measures include the importation of rescued pet animals, illegal food markets, and the growing interest in reviving artisanal and traditional practices in the production of dairy products. Here we summarize some of the evidence that claims that more attention must be directed to brucellosis control.

  • Short while ago, it was reported the first case human infection by Brucella canis in the Netherlands, produced by contact with illegally imported dogs (Kolwijck et al., 2022).

  • Similarly, in 2021, B. canis was diagnosed in one dog imported into the UK from Rumania, with neurological affection (Escauriaza et al., 2021).

  • Brucella sp. DNA was detected in artisanal unpasteurized cheese from Bulgaria, France, Greece and Turkey sampled in Berlin’s markets (Jansen et al., 2019).

  • The report of a human brucellosis case associated with the consumption of unpasteurized cow’s milk purchased from a dairy in Texas in 2017.

  • Recent published papers point out that brucellosis is still a problem in several regions of Europe (Cross et al., 2019), and undoubtedly in endemic regions, but also wildlife is an important reservoir (Dadar et al., 2021), those authors provide abundant information aiming to encourage the authorities to strengthen surveillance and control strategies, yet it all seems insufficient.

This letter is a simple wake-up call for us to fulfil our role in public health education, to increase our collaboration in surveillance and good communication within both veterinary and medical fields for reporting cases and to promote, if feasible, campaigns for control in livestock and wildlife species.

Conflict of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Funding Information: The authors received no funding for this work

Ethics Statement: The authors confirm that the ethical policies of the journal, as noted on the journal’s author guidelines page, have been adhered to.

Authors’ Contributions: Sina Tazerji, Marcela Suárez-Esquivel, Mohammadreza Manouchehri Ardestani, Phelipe Magalhães Duarte, Rasha Gharieb, Pouneh Hajipour, Parisa Asgharpour: Conceptualization, Data curation, writing original draft, Reviewing & editing.

Data Availability Statement: The data that support the findings of this study are available in the letter.

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