Optimization of prevention of caries development during orthodontic treatment
Rizaeva S.M., Fozilov O’.A.
Bukhara Medical Institute, Tashkent State Dental Institute, Uzbekistan
Online published on 7 February, 2020.
Despite the emergence at present of a huge arsenal of tools offered to ensure oral hygiene and the prevention of caries, this problem, as before, remains central to orthodontics. The solution to this problem may depend on the identification of individual characteristics of the sensitivity of the patient's body with dentoalveolar anomalies to the effects of specific factors that can cause caries when using braces and the timely application of adequate preventive measures. Currently, many fundamental aspects of prevention in the process of orthodontic treatment have not yet been fully resolved. There is no data on the use of the deep fluorination method in orthodontics. The issues of evaluating the resistance of tooth enamel and the effectiveness of remineralizing agents using the electrometric method in the process of orthodontic treatment are not adequately covered. At the same time, the technology of applying braces has significant drawbacks, in particular, the occurrence of bacterial corrosion of the composite around the bracket, the carious process, hypoesthesia, gingivitis. In addition, metal locks and ligatures often injure the mucous membrane of the oral cavity and make it difficult to carry out hygiene procedures, which leads to inflammatory periodontal diseases and enamel demineralization.
Bracket, Carious Process, Hypesthesia, Gingivitis, Jaw Bones.