Gestational diabetes mellitus effects on macrosomia and risk of developing type 2 diabetes in tertiary care hospital
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Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and its risk of developing macrosomia (larger than normal birth weight) and Type 2 diabetes. This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of GDM and risk factors associated with in urban women.
This study which includes prospective observational study and effects on macrosomia and risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. The study was done in a gynecology department and carried out for a period of one year both in-patient and out-patients by using chi-square analysis for all statistical analysis. A detailed questionnaire was prepared to assess the patients.
Total of 1100 pregnant ladies being studied, 150 mothers had gestational diabetes mellitus, 950 mothers had Non-gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes was seen more in the age group from 18–25(34.6%) of the population was seen less from the group from 36–40(10%). 36 gestational diabetes mellitus Patient had babies with macrosomia (24%). There were 85 babies born with macrosomia among the mothers who did not have gestational diabetes mellitus (8.94%).
The study investigated the possible association of gestational diabetes mellitus and the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes mellitus among mothers. study suggested that gestational diabetes mellitus is a significant risk factor for macrosomia. Women who had gestational diabetes mellitus had 24% macrosomia delivery than women without gestational diabetes mellitus (8.94%)
Gestational diabetes, macrosomia, type 2 diabetes, Pregnant women.