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International Journal of Research in Social Sciences
Year : 2020, Volume : 10, Issue : 8
First page : ( 230) Last page : ( 234)
Online ISSN : 2249-2496.

Sister Nivedita: Lady with the Lamp in History of the Swadeshi Movement (1905) of India

Kumar Pradeep

Research Scholar, Department of History, Veer Kunwar Singh University, Ara, Bihar (India)

Online published on 10 December, 2021.

Abstract

Sister Nivedita, born as Margaret Elizabeth Noble, was undoubtedly renowned as manaskanya/spiritual daughter of Swami Vivekananda in modern Indian History. Margaret, an Irish teacher, social activist andeducationist/school founder witnessed a revolutionary change in her life after meeting with Vivekananda, greatest disciple of Ramakrishnadev. She established Ramakrishna Sarada Mission Sister Nivedita Girls’ School and took an active interestin promoting Indian historical research, cultural activities and science fornation-building. During plagueepidemicin Calcutta she tried her level best to nurse the poor patients and worked relentlesslyfor improvement of lives of Indian women of all castes. She was a staunch supporter of the noble cause of independence of India and maintained a direct relationship with leaderslike Aurobindo and many of the youngr evolutionaries of Bengal, including those of Anushilan Samiti, a secret organization. Nivedita wrote a large number of famous books such as Kali The Mother, The Web of Indian Life and The Master as I saw Him etc. Her book Kali The Mother influenced Abanindranath Tagore who painted Bharat Mata, a milestone in history of the Bengal School. In short she was closely associated with all arenas which were relevant for all-round development of our colonised motherland and became an eminent pillar of the Swadeshi phase of Bengal. In this study I tried a lot to depict contribution of Nivedita Lokmata in history of Indiannationalism.

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Keywords

Ascetic Masculinity, BengalSchool, Social Welfare, Swadeshi Movement, Revolutionary Terrorism.

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