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Year : 2023, Volume : 25, Issue : 2
First page : ( 113) Last page : ( 116)
Print ISSN : 0972-0561. Online ISSN : 0973-9149. Published online : 2023  02.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0973-9149.2023.00014.X

Bacteriological Quality of Indigenous Badri Cow Urine

Rathore Ashwarya*, Singh Sapana, Devi Tulsa, Chauhan Divya, Chauhan R.S.

Department of Veterinary Pathology, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, GB Pant University of Agricultural and Technology, Pantnagar-263145, Uttarakhand, India

*Corresponding author email id: rathoreashwarya10@gmail.com

Online Published on 02 March, 2024.

Received:  23  June,  2023; :  19  October,  2023; Accepted:  20  October,  2023.


The Cowpathy system of health management utilizes cow products such as urine, dung, milk, curd, and ghee, demonstrating remarkable medicinal properties. Among these products, cow urine has garnered significant attention from researchers, prompting extensive investigation into its medicinal properties. While the urine of a healthy cow is nearly sterile and devoid of harmful bacteria, it may potentially contain various microorganisms as contaminants during collection, storage, transportation, processing, and packaging. Therefore, this study aims to assess the bacteriological quality of indigenous Badri cow urine and its distillate. A total of 10 urine samples (5 fresh and 5 distillates) underwent cultural examination following standard Bacteriology procedures. The cultural examination revealed the complete absence of E. coli, Salmonella spp, Pseudomonas spp, and Staphylococcus spp. However, the total aerobic count ranged from 528 to 780 cfu, with an average of 675 cfu per ml, which falls below the standard permissible limit of 1000 cfu per ml. These findings suggest that cow urine, collected from healthy indigenous Badri cows, is safe for use in Panchagavya/Cowpathy.



Cowpathy, Cow urine distillate, Bacteria, Culture, Badri cow.


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