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Journal of Entomological Research
Year : 2020, Volume : 44, Issue : 1
First page : ( 113) Last page : ( 120)
Print ISSN : 0378-9519. Online ISSN : 0974-4576.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-4576.2020.00021.3

Ground-dwelling ants species diversity (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) at conservation forest and oil-palm plantation in Sumatra, Indonesia

Herwina Henny*, Sakamaki Yositaka1, Satria Rijal2, Janra Muhammad N.

Laboratory of Animal Taxonomy, Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Andalas, 25163, West Sumatra, Indonesia

1Entomological Laboratory Faculty of Agriculture, Kagoshima University, Korimoto 1-12-24, Kagoshima, 890–0065, Japan

2Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Negeri Padang, West Sumatra, 25173, Indonesia

*Corresponding author's E-mail: hennyherwina@sci.unand.ac.id

Online published on 28 May, 2020.

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the diversity of ground-dwelling ant species within the conservation forest patch and the plantation area of an oil-palm plantation in Sumatra. Modified quadra protocol was applied to collect ants at five sites in the conservation forest and one location in the oil-palm plantation. A total of 76 ground-dwelling ant species belonging to 36 genera and six subfamilies were collected. The subfamily Myrmicinae was the highest in total species number (31) collected followed by Formicinae (29) and Ponerinae (9). The diversity index for the overall species collected was 3.00. Ant species diversity in both sites showed that the area still retains high diversity value for ants, and presumably for other taxa as well.

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Keywords

Biodiversity, conservation forest, ground ants, oil-palm plantation, Sumatra.

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