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Year : 2023, Volume : 25, Issue : 2
First page : ( 93) Last page : ( 112)
Print ISSN : 0972-0561. Online ISSN : 0973-9149. Published online : 2023  02.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0973-9149.2023.00013.8

Emerging and Re-emerging Diseases of Livestock and Poultry: An Overview

Deva R.1, Saminathan M.1,*, Rudhreswaran M.2, Deekshita V.3, Thomas Thesni Mariam3, Bhuva Akash4, SaiKrishna Ch.5, Singh Deepti3, Chatla Arun1, Singh K.P.1

1Centre for Animal Disease Research and Diagnosis, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly-243122, Uttar Pradesh, India

2Division of Veterinary Biotechnology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly-243122, Uttar Pradesh, India

3Divison of Patholgy, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly-243122, Uttar Pradesh, India

4Veterinary Public Health and Epidemiology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly-243122, Uttar Pradesh, India

5NTR College of Veterinary Science, Gannavaram, Vijayawada-521101, Andhra Pradesh, India

*Corresponding author email ID: drswamyvet@gmail.com

Online Published on 02 March, 2024.

Received:  05  November,  2023; :  17  November,  2023; Accepted:  20  November,  2023.

Abstract

Indian livestock sector contributes 4.11% to the national GDP and 25.6% to the total agricultural GDP. Emerging and reemerging diseases pose a threat to the Indian livestock sector, with 75% of emerging animal diseases being zoonotic and having a direct impact on human health. The recent LSD outbreak has had a severe social and economic impact. During disease outbreaks in non-endemic areas, disinfection of establishments, equipment, and vehicles, in conjunction with a temporary ban or control of animal movement, is needed to prevent the spread of the pathogen. Implementation of suitable biosecurity measures is important to prevent the spread of the pathogen. Vaccination is highly effective in the prevention and control of several diseases. Nevertheless, vaccination campaigns alone typically do not achieve the intended effects unless they are part of a comprehensive control plan that utilizes a variety of methods to manage emerging and re-emerging diseases.

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Keywords

Emerging diseases, Re-emerging diseases, Livestock, Poultry, Prevention, Control.

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